What is constipation?

Constipation is when it is more difficult to poop and pooping happens less often. Food moves slower through the stomach to small intestines to large intestines.

Waste in the large intestine will stay in there for longer. Too much water is absorbed from waste (poop).

The poop dries out and becomes harder. Hard poop is difficult to push out.

What are possible causes?
  • Eating large amounts of milk or cheese
  • Not drinking enough water (dehydration)
  • Not getting enough exercise
  • Eating foods low in fiber
  • Certain medications
What are some symptoms?
  • Pooping less than 3 times a week
  • Poop is dry and hard
  • Pain when pooping
  • Stomach pain
  • Bloating
What to do?
  • Eat more fiber
  • Choose whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and beans
  • Drink at least 8 cups of water
  • Get more physical activity
  1. Constipation; Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Prevention. Cleveland Clinic. Accessed December 1, 2020.
  2. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Nutrition Care Manual. Accessed December 12, 2020.