Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Crohn's Disease

What is crohn's disease?

Crohn’s disease is when the digestive tract is inflamed for a long time. It can affect any part of the digestive tract. It can affect the thickness of the intestines.

Healthy Bowels

Healthy bowels have a normal lining and normal walls.

Crohn's Disease

Crohn's disease has cobblestone like lining and thickened walls.

What are possible causes?
  • Autoimmune response
  • Certain medications
  • High fat diet
  • Genetics
  • Smoking
What are some symptoms?
  • Loss of appetite
  • Stomach pain
  • Weight loss
  • Joint pain
  • Cramping
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Fever
What to do?
  • Eat small, more frequent meals every 3-4 hours
  • Drink at least 8 cups of water
  • Limit caffeine and sugary drinks
  • If there are symptoms: choose low fiber foods
  • If there are no symptoms: eat fiber
  • May need a multivitamin supplement
  • Consult a doctor or dietitian before making big changes
  1. Overview of Crohn's Disease. Crohn's and Colitis Foundation. Accessed December 4, 2020.
  2. Symptoms & Causes of Crohn’s Disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Published September 2017. Accessed December 9, 2020.
  3. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Nutrition Care Manual. Accessed December 12, 2020.