What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses blood glucose. Glucose is an important source of energy for the cells. It is the brain's main source of fuel.
Types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
Insulin is passed into the bloodstream.
It allows glucose into the cells.
Type 1 Diabetes
Pancreas stops making insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes
The body can’t use insulin right away or pancreas can’t make enough.
What are possible causes?
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
- Not getting enough exercise
What are some symptoms?
- Numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
- Increased thirst and urination
- Sores that do not heal
- Increased hunger
- Blurred vision
- Eeight loss
What to do?
- Choose a variety of healthy fats, complex carbohydrates, lean protein, fruits, and vegetables
- Limit fried foods, salty foods, sweets, and sugary drinks
- Choose sugar substitutes like stevia, xylitol, and monk fruit sweetener
- Regular physical activity can help lower blood sugar levels
- Consult a doctor or dietitian before making big changes
- Healthwise Staff. Diabetes. Michigan Medicine University of Michigan. https://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/center1010. Updated August 21, 2019. Accessed December 1, 2020.
- What is Insulin? Hormone Health Network. https://www.hormone.org/your-health-and-hormones/glands-and-hormones-a-to-z/hormones/insulin. Updated November 2018. Accessed December 1, 2020.
- What is Glucagon? Hormone Health Network. https://www.hormone.org/your-health-and-hormones/glands-and-hormones-a-to-z/hormones/glucagon. Updated November 2018. Accessed December 1, 2020.
- Symptoms & Causes of Diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/symptoms-causes. Published December 2016. Accessed December 9, 2020.
- Diabetes Diet, Eating, & Physical Activity. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/diet-eating-physical-activity. Published December 1, 2016. Accessed January 20, 2021.