Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

What is gastroesophageal reflux disease?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is when the stomach contents leak back up to the throat.

What are some possible causes?
  • Weakness of the sphincter
  • Certain foods
  • Eating habits
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Medication
What are some symptoms?
  • Acid regurgitation
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Pain in chest
  • Sore throat
  • Coughing
What to do?
  • Eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Wear loose fitting clothes
  • Wait 3 hours before laying down
  • Regular physical activity
  • Eat in a calm environment
  • Avoid chocolate, alcohol, peppermint, caffeinated beverages, and fatty foods
  • Consult a doctor or dietitian before making big changes
  1. Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Accessed January 20, 2021.
  2. GERD (Chronic Acid Reflux): Symptoms, Treatment, & Causes. Cleveland Clinic. Accessed January 18, 2021.
  3. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Nutrition Care Manual. Accessed December 12, 2020.