What is kidney failure?
Kidney failure (end-stage renal disease) is when the kidneys filter blood below the body’s needs.
What are possible causes?
- High blood pressure
- Nephrotic syndrome
What are some symptoms?
- Swelling of feet and ankles
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle cramping
- Kidney Failure (ESRD) Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments. American Kidney Fund. https://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/kidney-failure/. Published August 22, 2017. Updated July 24, 2020. Accessed December 5, 2020.
- Acute kidney injury. American Kidney Fund. https://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/kidney-problems/acute-kidney-injury.html. Updated June 2020. Accessed December 5, 2020.
- Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Nutrition Care Manual. http://www.nutritioncaremanual.org. Accessed December 12, 2020.