Inflammatory Disease Disease: Ulcerative colitis

What is ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is when the large intestine is inflamed for a long time. It causes inflammation, irritation, and ulcers. The body usually attacks intruders. The body thinks the large intestine is an enemy and attacks it.

Healthy Bowels
Ulcerative Colitis

The intestine is inflamed.

What are possible causes?
  • Autoimmune response
  • Environment
  • Genetics
What are some symptoms?
  • Delayed growth in children
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Fever
What to do?
  • Eat small, more frequent meals every 3-4 hours
  • Drink at least 8 cups of water
  • Limit caffeine and sugary drinks
  • If there are symptoms: choose low fiber foods
  • If there are no symptoms: eat fiber
  • May need a multivitamin supplement
  • Consult a doctor or dietitian before making big changes
  1. Overview of Ulcerative Colitis. Crohn's & Colitis Foundation. Accessed December 4, 2020.
  2. Symptoms & Causes of Ulcerative Colitis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Published September 2020. Accessed December 9, 2020.